The Sylhet Agricultural University was officially inaugurated on 02 November, 2006 following the issuance of an official recognition and notification by the Bangladeshi Government having fulfilled all the requirements of a university status. It was established to be referred to and known as the Sylhet Agricultural University by the Sylhet Agricultural University Act 2006 which was passed in the National Parliament on 03 October 2006. The university’s Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science came into being through the upgrading of the Sylhet Government Veterinary College (SGVC) as part of the new university.

The SGVC was established in 1995 and had been functioning as a "School of Life Sciences” under the Shahjalal University of Science and Technology.
Faculty of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences(FVABS) of SAU is a dynamic and critically important faculty whose members are dedicated to preparing present and future veterinarians and veterinary scientists while advancing animal and human health, promoting the concept of one health and encouraging cross-disciplinary research. To date, the Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science has so far produced almost 900 graduates. These graduates have been playing vital roles in the development of livestock production systems, upgrading of health at the human-animal interface, provision of clinical services, classical and eco-epidemiology and enhancement of the agro-allied based economy. They are involved in various national and international services as well.

Apart from the FVABS mentioned above, six other faculties are available in the University namely the Faculties of Fisheries; Agriculture, Agricultural Economics and Business Studies, Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering and Postgraduate studies. These Faculties provide technical and scientific trainings to meet the manpower needs of the society and these represent key contributions of the SAU. The campus presently receiving large numbers of applications from prospective students and currently has a large population of students, researchers, faculties, post doctoral fellows and support staff which are keys in the meeting of the University’s objectives. SAU provides an exceptionally sound and interesting varieties of courses, covering different fields of agriculture and its allied disciplines at all levels of higher education. In addition, it offers a series of short courses and trainings to meet the middle-level manpower needs and several in-service trainings to meet the need of the industry; SAU indeed has a solution for everyone.

Central to the University objective is the improvement of the quality and standard of higher agricultural education and to produce first rate competent applied agriculturists to meet the need of agricultural development of the country. To achieve this objective, over 90 percent of the recurring budget and the university development fund come from the Government subventions through University Grants Commission (UGC).